What Are the Basic Types of Health Insurance?

Woman holding health insurance

There is no doubt that health insurance is important. It helps protect you and your family from the high costs of medical care. It can also help you get the care you need when you need it. There are a number of different types of health insurance. The type that is best for you depends on your needs and budget. One of the most important things to remember when choosing a health insurance plan is to make sure that it covers the care you need. For example, if you have a pre-existing condition, you will want to make sure that your health insurance plan covers treatment for that condition.

If you are shopping for health insurance, it is critical that you do research and due diligence. Checkin out a resource like Policyscouter.com will help you get detailed information about various types of health insurance policies and various terms and conditions. Let’s take a look at some basic types of health insurance.

Health Maintenance Organization Plan


A health maintenance organization (HMO) is a type of managed care organization that provides health care coverage to its members. An HMO is an organization that contracts with doctors and other health care providers to provide care to its members. HMOs are managed care plans that require patients to use doctors and hospitals within the plan’s network in order to receive coverage for services. Enrollees typically have to choose a primary care physician who coordinates all of their care within the HMO system.

Members of an HMO typically receive lower out-of-pocket costs for services by providers within the HMO’s network. Members may also be required to see a primary care physician (PCP) who serves as the member’s gatekeeper. The PCP is responsible for authorizing referrals to specialists and other providers. HMOs are popular in the United States. In 2017, more than 130 million Americans were enrolled in an HMO.

Preferred Provider Organization Plan


Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs) are a type of health insurance plan in which the insurer has a contract with a group of physicians, hospitals, and other healthcare providers to provide healthcare services to plan members at a discounted rate. The insurer typically has a higher co-pay for services received from non-preferred providers.

PPOs are the most common type of health insurance plan in the United States. They are typically offered by employers to their employees but can also be purchased by individuals. Most PPOs offer a choice of providers, both in-network and out-of-network. In-network providers have agreed to charge the insurer’s negotiated rates, while out-of-network providers have not. In most cases, using an out-of-network provider will result in a higher co-pay.

PPOs usually require members to pay a deductible and/or co-pay for services. The amount of the deductible and co-pay may vary depending on the PPO. Some PPOs also have an annual cap on out-of-pocket expenses.PPOs typically offer more comprehensive coverage than HMOs. They also typically have a lower premium than HMOs.

Consumer Driver Health Plans

A consumer-driven health plan (CDHP) is coverage where the employer, employee, or both contribute money to a tax-advantaged account that can be used to pay for medical expenses. Consumer-driven health plans put individuals in charge of making healthcare decisions with support from their employers or families. The account can be used to pay for both routine and unexpected medical expenses.

There are a variety of different types of CDHPs, but all of them share a few key features. First, the accounts are usually funded with pre-tax dollars, which means that the money doesn’t count as income and therefore isn’t taxed. This can save employees a lot of money on their taxes.

Second, the accounts can be used to pay for various medical expenses, including doctor’s visits, prescriptions, and hospitalizations. This flexibility allows employees to use the accounts to pay for both routine and unexpected medical expenses.

Third, the accounts often have a high deductible. This means that the employees have to pay a lot of money out of pocket before the insurance plan pays for any costs. This can be a bit of a shock for employees who are used to traditional health insurance plans, but it can also be a good deal for employees who are healthy and don’t often need to go to the doctor.

Finally, the accounts are often portable, which means that employees can take them with them when they switch jobs. This is a big advantage over traditional health insurance plans, which are usually tied to a particular employer.

Point of Service Plans

Point of Service (POS) health plans are a type of managed care plan where enrollees typically receive their care from a network of specific doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers. POS plans are a combination of two other types of managed care plans: health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and preferred provider organizations (PPOs).

With a POS plan, you generally have two options for getting care: you can go to a network provider and pay less for your care, or you can go outside of the network and pay more. POS plans typically have a lower monthly premium than PPOs but may have a higher deductible.

There are several types of health policies that have their respective pros and cons. It is important to understand the differences before purchasing insurance. Altogether, health insurance is an important safeguard against large medical expenses.